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Ugandan History;
PART 3 - Post Independence;
The Dictator's Reign...

Ugandan History continues here ...

The first elections took place in 1962 and the alliance between Uganda Peoples' Congress (UPC) and Kabaka Yekka (KY) formed the first government.

Milton Obote (UPC) was the first executive Prime Minister with Kabaka Mutesa II holding the largely ceremonial position of the President and William Wilberforce Nadiope, the Kyabazinga of Busoga Kingdom as the Vice President.

In 1966, following a power struggle between the Obote - led government and Kabaka Mutesa II, the parliament (largely dominated by UPC) changed the constitution removing the ceremonial President and the Vice President.

This was followed by the military invasion of Kabaka Mutesa II's palace forcing him to flee into exile (UK) were he later died in 1969.

This is when the ugly part of Ugandan history begins!

In 1967, a new constitution proclaimed Uganda a republic, abolishing the traditional kingdoms and declaring Obote as the executive President of Uganda who the ruled until 1971.

After a military coup in 1971, Obote was deposed from power and Idi Amin - who then was a senior army officer, seized control of the country.

The Dictator's Reign;

(the ugly part of Ugandan history intensifies ...)

Idi Amin ruled Uganda with military from 1971 to 1979. This was a period of social, economic and political turmoil. An estimated 300,000 Ugandans lost their lives at the hands of this regime. There was no security for property and lives.

Aside from these brutalities, Amin used pseudo- nationalist slogans and without proper understanding of the dynamics of the economic growth and transformation, expelled the Asian minority who at the time controlled almost 80% of business, out of Uganda.

This caused serious disruptions and eventual breakdown of the economy.

Such memories are what many Ugandans would wish to be deleted from this history - but there we are!

Amin's reign ended in 1979 with help from Tanzanian forces aided by Ugandans exile who led a liberation attack.

Read on ...

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