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Bwindi National Park Facts;
This page provides an overview of the park. A Snapshot; information you ought to know - The Bwindi National Park Facts.
You will find information on;
The Size, location and Management.
Climate, Weather and Vegetation.
Habitats and Nature.
Bakiga and Batwa Pygmy Cultures.
Bwindi on the Map
View Bwindi Impenetrable National Park - Uganda in a larger map
Found in the south - west of Uganda, about 540km from the Capital - Kampala. Bwindi National Park is without doubt well known for its exceptional biodiversity; with over 160 tree species, the birds and butterflies, with quite a number of endangered primates including the famous gorillas.
This place was first set up as the Bwindi impenetrable forest reserve in 1942, it was later gazetted as a National Park in 1991 to protect the gorillas that were fast becoming an endangered species. Bwindi is also part of the UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Uganda since 1994.
Just like the rest, the Park is run by the Uganda Wildlife Authority (UWA)- a government body that governs National Parks in Uganda.
At 321sq kms, with an altitude range of 1,160m - 2,607m above sea level, Bwindi is one of the smallest national parks in Uganda ... but just to give you the bigger picture; this forest is believed to be a mere remnant of a very large forest which once covered much of western Uganda, extending into Rwanda, Burundi and DR Congo - such is the systematic destruction of mother nature by the works of man!
This place has a tropical climate with average temperatures ranging between 7°C - 21°C and can go up to a maximum of about 27°C.
The rains come in March to May and September to November ... and with the kind of hilly terrain and vegetation, it gets really wet here.
The vegetation here is scrabbled - a mix of everything; It is recognised as the most diverse forest in the region, perhaps even throughout Africa for tree species (over 160 recorded) and ferns. The forest is quite dense - 'impenetrable' says it all, with a rich cover of herbs, vines and shrubs. Sections of the terrain are steep and slippery.
This place is a show case of the richness of Ugandan wildlife. It is habitant to over 200 species of butterflies - I have never seen that many different kinds, do your count ... and hosts a number of endangered species including almost half of the world's mountain gorilla population (about 340), bushbucks, black and white colombus, red tailed monkey and more ...
Bird lovers/watchers will have a 'walk in the park' with over 340 species to see. And don't forget the unique vegetation here - Oh boy! you will gladly have a memorable Ugandan vacation in Bwindi. Don't you forget that camera! Those 'kodak moments' will be precious.
The Bakiga and the Batwa pygmies make up the communities that live outside the boundaries of the park. The Batwa pygmies in particular are a unique indigenous small community of about 800 people who have for hundreds of years lived in the forest. Their culture and norms are very much fond of the Bwindi forest.
... but until recently in 1991, after Bwindi was gazetted as a national park, the Batwa have been displaced - forced to move out of the forest to the boundaries of the park leaving majority of them in extreme poverty. This move was a deliberate effort by government to protect the endangered mountain gorillas.
The Bakiga are mainly agriculturalists who grow a lot of sorghum, peas, millet and vegetables. Their cultural dance is charming - you will love it! It's with such energy and vigour ... You will certainly have chance to interact with these community and learn more about the lives and culture.
Did you know that;
'Bwindi' literally means 'Impenetrable'
Bwindi is the source of five major rivers which flow into Lake Edward.
Bwindi Impenetrable Park is a recognised unique biodiversity hotspot with presumably the highest number of tree species in the region if not Africa at large.
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