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Rwenzori National Park Facts;
This page provides an overview of the park. A Snapshot; information you ought to know - the Rwenzori National Park Facts.
You will find information on;
Size, location and Management.
Climate, Weather and Vegetation.
Habitats and Nature.
Bakonzo Culture and Art/craft.
Rwenzori on the Map
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Rwenzori National Park is 996sq km in size.
Situated in the western part of Uganda, the park is about 380km from the Capital, Kampala via Fort Portal and Kasese.
The park protects the Rwenzori ranges (also known as the Mountains of the Moon - as described by Ptolemy in AD150) which are the highest in Uganda. Margherita, its highest peak at 5,109m, is also the third highest in Africa - only after Mt Kenya and Mt Kilimanjaro.
The peaks of the Rwenzori ranges are snow-capped all year round, providing a contant source of water for some magnificent scenes of waterfalls. It's apparently the biggest water sauce for the mighty River Nile.
The Rwenzori National Park is managed and run by the Uganda Wildlife Authority.
The park is endowed with stunning views of glaciers, snow-capped mountains, the V-shaped valleys, fast flowing rivers with waterfalls and the clear blue lakes that make it one of the world's most beautiful alpine places. You will find lots of natural habitants of endangered species, with a rich, unique and unusual flora.
Photo by; Jorn Eriksson
The vegetation here is Alpine - studded with fascinating giant heathers, lobelias and groundsels. It's quite unique in nature and has been referred to as 'Africa's Botanical Big Game'. It's such an exceptional natural beauty.
The park can be, and is in fact chilly and wet. You should expect temperatures of about 10°C - 15°C, with much colder nights. January - February and July - August are considered dry months; but does it really matter? it simply rains any time here. I should say, the best time to climb the ranges would be June through to August and December to February.
Gazzetted in 1991 as a protected area, the park is, since 1994, recognised as a UNESCO - World Heritage Site and a RAMSAR Site (recognised and protected as a wetland for its conservation); Read more about the other UNESCO World Heritage Sites in Uganda here.
Photo by; Jorn Eriksson
Unlike majority of other Mountains in Africa, the Rwenzori ranges are not volcanic. They are simply a block of rock that slipped-up through the floor of the Western rift valley.
This place is habitat to over 70 mammals and more than 200 bird species - You will gladly have a treat here. Don't you forget that camera! - Oh! boy, you don't want miss out on those 'kodak moments'.
Keep an eye out for the chameleons, squirrels and vervet monkeys. Do your bet and let's see how many you count!
In the foothills of the Rwenzori and outside the boundaries of the park is home to the Bakonzo people. These have lived there for hundreds of years and generations. They are part of the Rwenzururu Kingdom and their culture and norms are very much engrained in the kingdom's traditions and roots.
Photo by; Dylan Walters
... And as part of their daily activities, you will love their traditional dance performances and their art and crafts which you are welcome to gladly take away as a souvenir.
The park also supplies the Bakonzo local community with various wild resource and is an important cultural heritage to the Rwenzururu kingdom.
Did you know that;
The Rwenzori Mountain ranges are also known as the Mountains of the moon.
Luigi Amadeodi Savoy - Duke of the Abruzzi, an Italian (make no mistake!) was the first foreigner to climb to the top of the Rwenzori in 1906.
On the 24th May 1888, the explorer Henry Stanley positioned the Rwenzori Mountains on the world map. He labelled it 'ruwenzori'; a local name meaning 'rain-maker' or 'cloud-king' - Interesting piece of history! You never ask why, when, where and how ...
Ms Beryl Park (78) is so far recorded as the oldest person to reach the Margherita in 2010. Keep it here, I will shortly tell you the youngest, keep it here ...
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