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Ugandan Politics - The Important Piece of the Maze

Ugandan politics covers almost every aspect of Ugandan life. And as you learn the important facts about this beautiful amazing country, you will generally have a good time in Uganda with a better understanding of its governance and you will certainly live smarter.

The one aspect of Ugandan politics is how the country is divided. Divided across four administrative regions, the country has 111 districts and one city - Kampala, the capital.

This figure has grown from 56 districts in the last 20 years- and reason for this? It all comes down to Ugandan politics!

Each district is then divided into counties and municipalities and further down into sub-counties, parishes to villages. There are different towns within the districts and many times the districts have been named after these towns.

Uganda is a presidential republic and the President is the Head of State which is the equivalent of a Prime Minister in the parliamentary system of government. The current Ugandan President (Yoweri Kaguta Museveni) has been in power since 1986.

The Ugandan government is headed by the President of Uganda, who is the Head of State and at the same time the Commander in Chief of the Armed forces.

The executive power is exercised by the Government of Uganda, while legislative power is exercised by both the government and the Parliament of Uganda.

We also have a Vice President and the Prime Minister who is the head of government business and leads government proceedings in parliament.

Government business is under the respective Ministries headed by Ministers and their deputies.

The judicial powers are exercised by the courts; The Magistrates' Courts, the High Court, the Courts of Appeals (Constitutional Courts) and the Supreme Court.

All elective offices/positions are filled through universal suffrage for all citizens above the age of 18. Governance in Ugandan politics is through the multi-party system with about 38 political parties registered.

The major political parties include; the National Resistance Movement (NRM)- which is the ruling party, Forum for Democratic Change (FDC)- which is the main opposition party, the Democratic Party (DP), the Conservative Party (CP), Justice Forum (JEEMA) and the Uganda Peoples Congress (UPC), among others.

Still within Ugandan politics; working in Uganda is taken care of by the Uganda labour law which helps to maintain good relations between the employers and staff.

The law provides guidance on contracts, salaries, benefits, vacations and more as well as establishing other rates and rules but also addressing the principles and rights concerning freedom of association, collective bargaining, non-discrimination and the eradication of forced and child labour.

The guiding principle in all this is being consistent with the basic human rights as enshrined in the 1995 Constitution of Uganda.

Deeper into Ugandan politics are the exports and imports and the general performance of the economy.

Uganda imports more than it exports but the figures are not far off and the trend is further closing the gap especially with the industrial expansion of processing of agricultural products. The recent discovery of oil gives a glimpse of a brighter future for the Ugandan economy.

Take for example; exports in 2009 were $3.1 billion from: Coffee, fish and fish products, tea, tobacco, textiles, cement, corn and electricity to mention but a few, compared to $4.3 billion spent on imports in the same year.

Uganda's major imports are petroleum, road vehicles, industrial machinery and medical/pharmaceutical supplies.

Hand in hand with Ugandan politics is the education system. The government plays a major role in streamlining education in Uganda.

Under the stewardship of the Ministry of Education and Sport, the government oversees; checks and maintains the high quality of Education in Uganda and this goes along with supporting, promoting and regulating Ugandan Sports for national development.

As a Ugandan resident who loves to travel, Ugandans are required to have a Ugandan passport which is recognised worldwide although with less formalities, one can get a temporary travel document - but this might only get you to the neighbouring countries more so to those in the East African Community.

Its worth checking before you travel to get the latest information on that. The Directorate of Citizenship and Immigration Control in the the Ministry of Internal Affairs is probably the best place to check.

If you are planning to visit Uganda, looking at; studying in Uganda or working in Uganda, you will need to apply for a visa to Uganda which you can obtain at the Ugandan Missions abroad or on arrival at the country's Entry/exit posts.

Suit your self with a Ugandan Newspaper to keep up with current Ugandan politics and news of the day. The largest news daily are the Daily Monitor and the New Vision (which is government owned).

Uganda is a romantic place to find a wife/husband and/or to tie the knot- depends on how you look at it but if you want to be married in Uganda, why not!

You are more than welcome for that memorable wedding in the heart of Africa. I love Ugandan weddings! It's feasting and merry.

Planning a wedding can be demanding but be sure to do your immigration properly, have your passport with you for ID, a copy of your birth certificate and a certificate of free status or a confirmation from your embassy that says you are eligible to marry.

It's worth getting an appointment with the Ugandan embassy in your home country or in Uganda - very likely from the Ministry of Internal Affairs, to find out all the requirements.....and walaaaa! You will have a lovely wedding!

The Ugandan Military and the Uganda Police force are inseparable from Ugandan politics. They serve to protect and defend Uganda and maintain law and order. As and when you are in Uganda, they will be part of your wonderful stay.

Ugandan politics covers a wide array and studying up on Uganda simply requires a bit of research and reading. And once you are familiar with this beautiful country - you will love it and enjoy every moment of your life in Uganda.

If my work and information is helpful and you like what you read on the site, please consider making a donation to support its development.

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